Understanding the APOSTROPHE

Understanding the APOSTROPHE

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When it comes to an apostrophe, I’d say it’s one of the most confused punctuation marks.

Let’s try to deal with it today.

(click here to read our last blog: Punctuation Marks Decoded)

WHEN TO USE APOSTROPHE?
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  To indicate possession

Apostrophe का सबसे महत्वपुर्ण व basic use possession यानी स्वामित्व/ अधिकार दर्शाने के लिए किया जाता है।
Possession means to own something.

We always use an apostrophe to show that a thing or person belongs or relates to someone or something.

चाहे किसी व्यक्ति (या वस्तु) की quality की बात हो या उसकी किसी वस्तु के बारे में बताना हो, किसी भी प्रकार के स्वामित्व (possession) को दर्शाने के लिए apostrophe का use किया जाता है

Sam’s daughter is very cute. (सैम की बेटी बहुत प्यारी है।)
Nancy’s father’s car is very nice. (नैन्सी के पिता की कार बहुत अच्छी है।)
Yesterday’s weather was very harsh. (कल का मौसम बहुत कठोर था।)
• I need a week’s time to finish this report. (इस रिपोर्ट को समाप्त करने के लिए मुझे एक सप्ताह का समय चाहिए।)

  With Contractions

Contractions ऐसे शब्दों को कहा जाता है जो दो शब्दों को जोड़ कर बनाए जाते हैं।
Usually, contractions form करने के लिए एक या एक से ज़्यादा letters/alphabets को omit किया जाता है और इन omitted letters के स्थान पर apostrophe का use किया जाता है।

some general contractions are:

not n’t isn’t = is + not
hasn’t = has + not
is/has ‘s it‘s = it + is/has
he‘s = he + is/has
she‘s = she + is/has
had, would, did ‘d what‘d = what + did
He‘d = he+ had OR he + would
I‘d = I + had OR I + would
will ‘ll she‘ll = she + will
they‘ll = they + will
are ‘re they‘re = they + are
we‘re = we + are
I am I’m  
let us let’s  

Note: An omission of numbers can also be represented with an apostrophe:
Eg.
• Summer of ’69 (= 1969)
• 
Class of ’99 (= 1999)

  To depict plurality

The only time an apostrophe is used to show plurality is with single alphabets or numbers.
जब आप केवल एक alphabet या एक संख्या की plural form को लिखते हैं, तब वहां apostrophe का use करना आवश्यक है। 

• There are two F’s in the word ‘JIFFY’.
• Her phone number has five 9’s in it.
• How many P’s are there in HIPPOPOTAMUS?

Well, that’s quite about the basic uses an apostrophe.

Don’t forget to read our other punctuation blogs:
When and Where to Use A COMMA
Comma Mistakes You Should Avoid
Comma mistakes – Part 2

To learn more about better writing and communication skills, download our app Namaste English.

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